Dr Vikram A Sarabhai
The geomagnetic equator of the earth passes over Thumba.
Thumba Equatorial Rocket Launching Station (TERLS) at Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala
The first rocket launched from TERLS was the US made Nike-Apache. The launch took place on November 21, 1963.
Space Science and Technology Centre (SSTC).
In July 1972, SSTC along with other space research establishments like Thumba Equatorial Launching Station (TERLS), Rocket Propellant Plant (RPP), Rocket Farication facility (RFF), Propellent Fuel Complex (PFC) and the Indian Scientific Satellite Project (ISSP), Bangalore came under the umbrella of Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre (VSSC) in 1972 with Prof Brahm Prakash as its Director.
On August 15, 1969.
In 1972. ISRO was brought under DOS on June 1, 1972.
Sounding rocket, RH-75; Launched on November 20, 1967.
RH stands for 'Rohini' sounding rocket and the numeral indicate the diameter of the rocket.
A sounding rocket is one which is intended for assessing the physical parameters of the upper atmosphere.
Apart from RH-75, India has developed RH-100, RH-125, RH-200, RH-300, RH-300 Mk II, RH-560, RH-560 SV and Menaka.
ISRO Satellite Centre (ISAC) at Bangalore; Satish Dhawan Space Centre-SHAR at Srihaarikota, Andhrapradesh; Liquid Propulsion Systems Centre at Thiruvananthapuram and Bangalore; ISRO Propulsion Complex at Mahendragiri in Tamilnadu and Space Application Centre (SAC) at Ahmedabad.
Satellites are designed and developed at ISAC; Integration and launching of satellites are carried out at SDSC; Development of liquid stages including cryogenic stage is carried out at LPSC; testing of the liquid engines are carried out at IPRC and application aspects of the space technology are taken up at SAC, Ahmedabad.
SDSC-SHAR is the sole space port of ISRO. However sounding rockets are also launched from TERLS at Thiruvananthapuram.
Satellite Launch Vehicle-3 (SLV3). The first successful launch of SLV3 took place on July 18, 1980 from SDSC SHAR.
ISRO Satellite Centre (ISAC), Bangalore; Satish Dhawan Space Centre SHAR; Liquid Propulsion Systems Centre at Thiruvananthapuram, Bangalore and Mahendragiri and Space Application Centre (SAC), Ahmedabad.
Satellites are designed and developed at ISAC; Integration and launching of satellites and launch vehicles are carried out from SDSC; Development of liquid stages including cryogenic stage is carried out at LPSC and application aspects of the space technology is taken up at SAC, Ahmedabad.
ISRO's Launch facility is located at SDSC SHAR from where Launch Vehicles and Sounding Rockets are launched. Sounding rockets are launched from TERLS at Thiruvananthapuram.
Satellite Launch Vehicle-3 (SLV-3) is the first launch vehicle of India.
The first successful launch of SLV-3 took place on July 18, 1980 from SDSC SHAR.
Augmented Satellite Launch Vehicle (ASLV), Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) and Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV).
Weight of communication satellites is of the order of 4000 kg. India has not developed launch vehicles capable of launching such heavy satellites into Geostationery Transfer Object. Therefore India is depending on other agencies for launching.
Satellites are broadly classified into two, viz., Communication satellites and Remote sensing satellites.
A communication satellite usually operates from the Geosynchronous orbit catering to requirements in communication, television broadcasting, meteorology, disaster warning etc.
A remote sensing satellite is intended for resource monitoring and management and operates from a Sun Synchronous Polar Orbit (SSPO).
Aryabhata ; Launched from Soviet Union on April 19, 1975
EDUSAT-1 weighing 1950 kg and launched by GSLV-F01 on September 20, 2004.
23 launch vehicle missions were carried from India so far till April 2007
48 home made satellites and seven from other nations were put into orbit so far.
PSLV, which has completed 26 operational flights and two developmental flights successfully.
Chandrayaan-1 is a spacecraft intended for scientific investigation of the Moon. The name Chandrayaan denotes ‘Vehicle (yaan) to Moon (Chandra)’ in Indian languages (Sanskrit and Hindi). Chandrayaan-1 is the first Indian planetary science and exploration mission.
Chandrayaan-1 was operational for 312 days till August 28, 2009.
On February 2,1968.